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python+django+rest框架配置创建方法

2019-08-31 17:39 来源:互联网 编辑:admin

安装好所需要的插件和包:

python、django、pip等版本如下:

采用Django REST框架3.0

1、在python文件夹下D:pythonLibsite-packagesdjangoin打开cmd命令工具,本人将python文件夹名字改为了wwj,请注意:

mkdir tutorial
cd tutorial
virtualenv env
source env/bin/activate 
pip install django
pip install djangorestframework
django-admin startproject tutorial . 
cd tutorial
django-admin startapp quickstart
cd ../

2、

python manage.py migrate
python manage.py createsuperuser

3、在tutorialquickstart创建文件serializers.py,并写入一下内容:

from django.contrib.auth.models import User, Group
from rest_framework import serializers
class UserSerializer(serializers.HyperlinkedModelSerializer):
  class Meta:
    model = User
    fields = ('url', 'username', 'email', 'groups')
class GroupSerializer(serializers.HyperlinkedModelSerializer):
  class Meta:
    model = Group
    fields = ('url', 'name')

3、tutorialquickstart iews.py中写入:

from django.contrib.auth.models import User, Group
from rest_framework import viewsets
from tutorial.quickstart.serializers import UserSerializer, GroupSerializer
class UserViewSet(viewsets.ModelViewSet):
  """
  API endpoint that allows users to be viewed or edited.
  """
  queryset = User.objects.all().order_by('-date_joined')
  serializer_class = UserSerializer
class GroupViewSet(viewsets.ModelViewSet):
  """
  API endpoint that allows groups to be viewed or edited.
  """
  queryset = Group.objects.all()
  serializer_class = GroupSerializer

4、tutorialurls.py中写入:

from django.conf.urls import url, include
from rest_framework import routers
from tutorial.quickstart import views
router = routers.DefaultRouter()
router.register(r'users', views.UserViewSet)
router.register(r'groups', views.GroupViewSet)
# Wire up our API using automatic URL routing.
# Additionally, we include login URLs for the browsable API.
urlpatterns = [
  url(r'^', include(router.urls)),
  url(r'^api-auth/', include('rest_framework.urls', namespace='rest_framework'))
]

5、添加'rest_framework'到INSTALLED_APPS。设置模块将处于tutorial/settings.py

6、通过python manage.py runserver启动框架

7、通过http://localhost:8000/在浏览器里打开

以上这篇python+django+rest框架配置创建方法就是小编分享给大家的全部内容了,希望能给大家一个参考。

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