资源下载 - 从此开始!

下载我_精品源码软件教程资源网

您的位置:首页 > 网络学院 > 正文

Spring boot实现文件上传功能

2018-06-28 09:48 来源:未知 编辑:admin

本文实例为大家分享了Spring boot实现文件上传的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

1. 创建一个Maven的web工程,然后配置pom.xml文件,增加依赖:

<dependency>gt; 
 <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> 
 <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId> 
 <version>1.0.2.RELEASE</version> 
</dependency> 

2. 在webapp目录下的index.jsp文件中输入一个表单:

<html> 
<body> 
<form method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data" action="/upload"> 
 File to upload: <input type="file" name="file"><br /> 
 Name: <input type="text" name="name"><br /> <br /> 
 <input type="submit" value="Upload"> 
  Press here to upload the file! 
</form> 
</body> 

这个表单就是我们模拟的上传页面

3. 编写处理这个表单的Controller:

import java.io.BufferedOutputStream; 
import java.io.File; 
import java.io.FileOutputStream; 
 
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody; 
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile; 
 
@Controller 
public class FileUploadController { 
 
 @RequestMapping(value="/upload", method=RequestMethod.GET) 
 public @ResponseBody String provideUploadInfo() { 
  return "You can upload a file by posting to this same URL."; 
 } 
 
 @RequestMapping(value="/upload", method=RequestMethod.POST) 
 public @ResponseBody String handleFileUpload(@RequestParam("name") String name, 
   @RequestParam("file") MultipartFile file){ 
  if (!file.isEmpty()) { 
   try { 
    byte[] bytes = file.getBytes(); 
    BufferedOutputStream stream = 
      new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(new File(name + "-uploaded"))); 
    stream.write(bytes); 
    stream.close(); 
    return "You successfully uploaded " + name + " into " + name + "-uploaded !"; 
   } catch (Exception e) { 
    return "You failed to upload " + name + " => " + e.getMessage(); 
   } 
  } else { 
   return "You failed to upload " + name + " because the file was empty."; 
  } 
 } 
 
} 

4. 然后我们对上传的文件做一些限制,同时编写main方法来启动这个web :

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication; 
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.EnableAutoConfiguration; 
import org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.MultiPartConfigFactory; 
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean; 
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan; 
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration; 
 
import javax.servlet.MultipartConfigElement; 
 
@Configuration 
@ComponentScan 
@EnableAutoConfiguration 
public class Application { 
 
 @Bean 
 public MultipartConfigElement multipartConfigElement() { 
  MultiPartConfigFactory factory = new MultiPartConfigFactory(); 
  factory.setMaxFileSize("128KB"); 
  factory.setMaxRequestSize("128KB"); 
  return factory.createMultipartConfig(); 
 } 
 
 public static void main(String[] args) { 
  SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args); 
 } 
} 

5. 然后访问http://localhost:8080/upload就可以看到页面了。

上面的例子是实现的是单个文件上传的功能,假定我们现在要实现文件批量上传的功能的话,我们只需要简单的修改一下上面的代码就行,考虑到篇幅的问题,下面只是贴出和上面不同的代码,没有贴出的说明和上面一样。:

1.新增batchUpload.jsp文件

<html> 
<body> 
<form method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data" 
  action="/batch/upload"> 
 File to upload: <input type="file" name="file"><br /> 
 File to upload: <input type="file" name="file"><br /> 
 <input type="submit" value="Upload"> Press here to upload the file! 
</form> 
</body> 
</html> 

2. 新增BatchFileUploadController.java文件:

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody; 
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile; 
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartHttpServletRequest; 
 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; 
import java.io.BufferedOutputStream; 
import java.io.File; 
import java.io.FileOutputStream; 
import java.util.List; 
 
/** 
 * Created by wenchao.ren on 2014/4/26. 
 */ 
 
@Controller 
public class BatchFileUploadController { 
 
 @RequestMapping(value="/batch/upload", method= RequestMethod.POST) 
 public @ResponseBody 
 String handleFileUpload(HttpServletRequest request){ 
  List<MultipartFile> files = ((MultipartHttpServletRequest)request).getFiles("file"); 
  for (int i =0; i< files.size(); ++i) { 
   MultipartFile file = files.get(i); 
   String name = file.getName(); 
   if (!file.isEmpty()) { 
    try { 
     byte[] bytes = file.getBytes(); 
     BufferedOutputStream stream = 
       new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(new File(name + i))); 
     stream.write(bytes); 
     stream.close(); 
    } catch (Exception e) { 
     return "You failed to upload " + name + " => " + e.getMessage(); 
    } 
   } else { 
    return "You failed to upload " + name + " because the file was empty."; 
   } 
  } 
  return "upload successful"; 
 } 
} 

这样一个简单的批量上传文件的功能就ok了,是不是很简单啊。

注意:上面的代码只是为了演示而已,所以编码风格上采取了随性的方式,不建议大家模仿。

参考资料:MultipartResolver实现文件上传功能

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助。

打赏一下,我们会为大家提供更多优质资源!

相关文章,95%的人会看!{有内幕、有真相...}

看过本文的人还看过

关闭

微信扫一扫

站长微信账号